Front-open enclosures are ideal for lizards and snakes. The terrarium can be accessed by front-opening doors without appearing menacing. A hand reaching down from the top resembles a predatory bird. Many terrariums are available in both “long” and “tall” sizes.

Most reptile terrariums should have a screen mesh top to allow for adequate airflow and humidity. Mesh tops bring in light, heat, and fresh air while remaining safe and secure. Mesh side panels on some enclosures promote airflow, making it easier to generate a temperature gradient.

Reptiles require more than just a terrarium to keep them happy. Additional equipment for heating, lighting, and monitoring the enclosure’s environment is also necessary.  Your species’ specific setup and equipment will differ, but the essential requirements for temperature gradients and moisture controller will remain the same. It is critical to purchase and set up this equipment before taking your reptile home.


Reptiles benefit from daytime lighting because it helps them regulate their circadian cycle and produce vitamin D. Vitamin D levels in the blood of reptiles who have a UVB lamp in their terrarium are higher. This lowers the chances of developing metabolic bone disease. This is also true for nocturnal and crepuscular reptiles, such as leopard geckos.


Reptiles, like humans, require both light and heat. This is especially true for a lizard aquarium. Because reptiles are cold-blooded, they require external heat to digest food and gain energy. The temperature around them affects their metabolism. Reptiles with higher body temperatures have faster metabolisms and are more active and alert.


There are several less noticeable components of reptile terrarium equipment that are just as crucial. To begin, you will require two thermometers.

Surface temperature should be measured with one thermometer, which should be an infrared thermometer with two probes. Place one probe on the tank’s warmest side and the other on the coolest. If you just have one thermometer probe, place it near the basking location in the hottest part of the terrarium.

The other thermometer is used to determine the temperature of the air. Surface and surface air temperatures will ensure that both the air and the substrate are in good working order.

Other essentials

Your reptile’s basic needs should be met in every terrarium. A water bowl (or pool for water species), various surrounded hides, branches (or other climbable décor), plants, and a appropriate substrate are usually included.

The water bowl for your reptile should be on the cool side of the terrarium. This will reduce evaporation and keep the water at a pleasant drinking temperature. The amount of substrate you should add is determined by how much your reptile enjoys burrowing. Bearded dragons, for example, require several inches of substrate for excavating. Because chameleons and tree boas do not dig, a thin covering is fine.

Selecting the best reptile terrarium is the initial step toward providing a long and happy life for your pet. In addition to tank selection, keeping it clean and employing the proper tools are critical to your reptile’s health.